Civil litigation deals with disputes between individuals or organizations in which compensation for damages may be granted to the victim. Civil law courts provide a place for resolving arguments regarding private matters that involve private parties and organizations including government departments. Civil litigation attempts to right a wrong, while at the same time putting the matter to rest for good.
Civil litigation cases involve all types of disputes where either an individual or group takes action against another individual or group to right a wrong that has been committed. When you hear someone refer to a "lawsuit," civil litigation is typically the area of law they are describing. In many cases, civil lawsuit's are settled prior to a formal court trial through arbitration or negotiated settlements in which both parties agree to a monetary settlement.
The process typically begins when an individual files a complaint in court. The party the complaint was filed against has the opportunity to answer the complaint. After the defendant has had the opportunity to answer the complaint the matter then enters into the discovery phase. During discovery, both sides are presented with the evidence that will be presented at trial. Following discovery, a trial date is set. Most lawsuits end shortly after this stage because the parties settle the dispute prior to going to trial. If the settlement cannot be reached prior to the trial, the trial begins and both parties present their evidence. The ending result is typically a monetary judgement decided by either a judge or jury.
It is extremely important to work with a legal team that has years of experience presenting cases in court. Biretta & Associates, P.C. understand the process of civil litigation, have experience negotiating settlements and can present your case on your behalf.